By Bruce Lee, Henry C. Clausen
“We may need possessed the genius to wreck the red code, yet in 1941 we didn’t have the brains to grasp what to do with it.” —Henry C. Clausen, detailed investigator for secretary of warfare Henry L. Stimson
On December 6, 1941, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, commander in leader of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, guaranteed his employees that the japanese wouldn't assault Pearl Harbor. the subsequent morning, eastern providers steamed towards Hawaii to release the most devastating shock assaults within the heritage of warfare, proving the admiral disastrously mistaken. instantly, an research started into how the yankee army might have been stuck so unaware.
the result of the preliminary research didn't implicate who was once chargeable for this intelligence debacle. Secretary of warfare Henry L. Stimson, understanding that high-ranking individuals of the army had supplied fake testimony, made up our minds to reopen the research through bringing in an unknown significant by means of the identify of Henry C. Clausen. Over the process ten months, from November 1944 to September 1945, Clausen led an exhaustive research. He logged greater than fifty-five thousand miles and interviewed over 100 army and civilian team of workers, eventually generating an eight-hundred-page record that introduced new facts to mild. Clausen left no stone unturned in his dogged attempt to figure out who used to be actually chargeable for the catastrophe at Pearl Harbor.
Pearl Harbor: ultimate Judgement finds the entire eye-opening info of Clausen’s research and is a damning account of huge intelligence failure. To today, the tale surrounding the japanese assault on Pearl Harbor stokes controversy and conspiracy theories. This ebook presents conclusive facts that exhibits how the USA army ignored such a lot of indications and the way it could actually have refrained from the occasions of that fateful day.
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Additional info for Pearl Harbor: Final Judgement: The Shocking True Story of the Military Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbor and the Fourteen Men Responsible for the Disaster
Evidently, i used to be to have a few vetting by means of the neighborhood command ahead of i might be allowed to query MacArthur, so I first took the affidavit of Lt. Gen. Richard ok. Sutherland. He was once at the moment MacArthur’s leader of employees, and have been a colonel doing an identical activity within the Philippine command ahead of Pearl Harbor. As we talked, i may pay attention MacArthur striding from side to side in his workplace, a behavior that bought him in hassle along with his pilots simply because his consistent pacing threw the airplane out of flying trim. I confirmed Sutherland the full records of intercepts that I had introduced with me in my bomb pouch. It took your time for him to learn in the course of the fabric. while he was once accomplished, I sensed that he was once really disturbed, even if the reliable language of his affidavit didn't convey his dismay. including the standard caveat, “to the simplest of his recollection,” Sutherland advised me that he had no longer noticeable any of those intercepts earlier than Pearl Harbor. Neither had he identified in regards to the substance those intercepts contained, with the exception being a few of the messages that regarding the diplomatic negotiations in Washington ahead of the japanese assault. Nor had Sutherland visible the messages that defined the Winds Code. Sutherland additionally had by no means visible the British messages that Manila had despatched Hawaii, specifically the caution of December 1 that hostilities may quickly escape. All Sutherland may say used to be that the resource of the fabric the mysterious significant (now Colonel) Gerald Wilkinson of the British military, approximately whom i'll say extra later. in accordance with Sutherland, the military SIS within the Philippines ran an intercept station at citadel McKinley sooner than Pearl Harbor. The diplomatic messages the military SIS intercepted within the pink code have been introduced in uncooked shape to the military at Corregidor, the place the army had amenities for decryption and translation. “Some or all of those messages”—a great means of claiming “not many”—were then back to the SIS for supply to the military. one of the messages that have been intercepted, and that Sutherland recalled truly, have been stories through the japanese Consul in Manila concerning the arrival and departure of ships in Manila Harbor. (This intended that Pearl Harbor used to be just one of the harbors the place the japanese have been tracking the stream of our transport. ) As for disseminating this sort of info, acknowledged Sutherland, his command didn’t do it. every thing used to be performed by way of the military SIS. even if Sutherland’s testimony was once bland at the floor, I knew that i used to be as regards to remarkable pay airborne dirt and dust. I spent the following day with MacArthur, who was once very frank. He acknowledged he had an identical info Hawaii possessed, and that Hawaii had claimed this data used to be insufficient for the security of Pearl Harbor, yet he believed it used to be enough for his wishes. i have to recognize that i thought i used to be within the presence of a superb guy, a basic who had fought again after a negative defeat to thrash the enemy the entire method from Australia to the Philippines. but, he used to be super courteous. He received up and paced from side to side around the flooring, puffing his pipe, which was once his manner of undertaking a talk.