This booklet is a landmark in American political concept. It examines the eagerness for growth and reform that coloured the total interval from 1890 to 1940 -- with startling and stimulating effects. it searches out the ethical and emotional explanations of the reformers the myths and goals during which they believed, and the realities with which they'd to compromise.
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize.
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Additional resources for The Age of Reform
You can't question me to reproduce meals in your factories,” “A Woman’s Reason,” autonomous (April four, 1904), pp. 780-4. five Alpheus T. Mason: Brandeis (New York, 1946), pp. 91-2. 6 Hechler, op. cit. , p. 106. 7 Cf. Henry F. Pringle: The existence and occasions of William Howard Taft (New York, 1939), Vol. I. bankruptcy xxiv. bankruptcy V THE revolutionary IMPULSE I . The city Scene From 1860 to 1910, cities and towns sprouted up with astonishing rapidity everywhere in the usa. huge towns grew into nice metropolises, small cities grew into huge towns, and new cities sprang into life on vacant land. whereas the agricultural inhabitants nearly doubled in this part century, the city inhabitants increased virtually seven instances. locations with greater than 50,000 population elevated in quantity from sixteen to 109. 1 the bigger towns of the center West grew wildly. Chicago greater than doubled its inhabitants within the unmarried decade from 1880 to 1890, whereas the dual towns trebled theirs, and others like Detroit, Milwaukee, Columbus, and Cleveland elevated from sixty to 80 in keeping with cent. 2 town, with its vast want for brand new amenities in transportation, sanitation, policing, gentle, fuel, and public buildings, provided an impressive inner marketplace for American company. And enterprise sought for the yes factor, for privileges, notably for ecocnomic franchises and for possibilities to avert up to attainable of the weight of taxation. The city boss, a broker in public privileges who may also command public aid, grew to become a extra vital and extra strong determine. With him got here that educate of evils which rather a lot preoccupied the liberal muckraking brain: the bartering of franchises, the construction of tight city political machines, the marshaling of thousands of ignorant electorate, the exacerbation of poverty and slums, the absence or over the top price of municipal companies, the co-operation among politics and “commercialized vice”—in brief, the whole process of underground govt and open squalor that supplied this type of wealthy box for the crusading newshounds. despite the easiest traditions of public management, the advanced and regularly altering difficulties created through urban progress might were greatly tough. towns through the commercial global grew speedily, virtually as speedily as these of the U.S.. yet an exceptional a few of the ecu towns had histories stretching again 1000's of years earlier than the founding of the 1st white village in North the United States, and accordingly had traditions of presidency and management that predated the age of unrestricted deepest company. whereas they too have been disfigured and brutalized through industrialism, they generally controlled to set examples of neighborhood management and municipal making plans that American scholars of municipal existence envied and was hoping to repeat. three American towns, springing into lifestyles out of mere villages, frequently equipped round not anything however the mill, the manufacturing facility, or the railroad, peopled by means of a heterogeneous and cellular inhabitants, and drawing upon no settled governing periods for administrative adventure, discovered the speed in their progress some distance out of share to their capability for administration.